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How do I provide GFCI protection for a receptacle outlet?
Friday, January 10, 2020
There are four different ways to provide GFCI protection to a receptacle outlet:
1) Replace it with a GFCI receptacle outlet. Probably the simplest solution.
2) Replace a receptacle upstream between the one you want to protect and the electrical panel with a GFCI receptacle. It will protect all the circuits downstream in the circuit.
3) Install a dead front GFCI upstream between the receptacle you want to protect and the electrical panel. A dead front GFCI (also called blank front GFCI) is essentially a GFCI receptacle without the receptacle slots. It has only the test and reset buttons. This is often used for spa tubs, where the receptacle for the pump motor is in a compartment that is not easily accessed, but a dead front GFCI nearby provides way to reset the GFCI easily if it trips.
4) Change the circuit breaker in the panel to a GFCI breaker. This provides both overcurrent and GFCI protection for all the outlets on the circuit.
Go to our blog post Where are GFCI receptacle outlets required? for where they are code-mandated for new homes and recommended for older homes. For a timeline of when GFCI protection was added to the code for different areas of a home, see When were GFCI receptacle outlets first required?
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