Does the building code apply to mobile homes?
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Although the Florida Building Code (FBC) has specific requirements for manufactured buildings, it excludes mobile homes from that category, and the manufacture of mobile homes is under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). A HUD-approved inspection agency provides inspection at the factory, and the local building inspector has no say over the details of how a mobile home was manufactured as long as the home is rated for the wind zone where it will be located.
HUD does have requirements for the correct installation of a mobile home, and Florida determined that installation standards that exceeded HUD guidelines were necessary for safe occupancy of a manufactured home in our hurricane-prone state. So Chapters 15C-1 and 15C-2 of the Florida Administrative Code were created in 1999. The regulations are enforced by the Manufactured Housing Section of the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. To read more about it, see our blog post Why does Florida have mobile/manufactured home installation standards that exceed HUD requirements?
The following components are the ones that are not exempt from the Florida Building Code:
•• Plumbing hookup.
•• Electrical hookup.
•• Mechanical (HVAC) hookup.
•• Foundations and blocking under home.
•• Modifications to door or window openings - must be re-certified by HUD or approved by a professional engineer licensed in Florida.
•• Modifications or damage to the interior or exterior walls, roof, or structure - must be re-certified by HUD or approved by professioanal engineer licensed in Florida.
•• Roof-over structures - must be designed by professional engineer licensed in Florida to meet wind load rating for area where located.
•• Any additions around outside walls - such as carport, screen room, sheds, or additional living space.
Other states have similar, but not necessarily identical, local code requirements for mobile homes. It’s also important to note that a mobile home is required to have two exterior exit doors, and any addition must retain them. See our blog post How many exit doors are required for a mobile/manufactured home? for more on this.
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Here’s links to a collection of our blog posts about MOBILE/MANUFACTURED HOMES:
How To Look At A House
McGarry and Madsen's home inspection blog for buyers of
site-built, mobile/manfuactured and modular homes
for Links to Collections
of Blog Posts