Are dining room, breakfast room, and pantry receptacles required to be GFCI protected?

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Dining room, breakfast room, and pantry receptacles are not required to be GFCI-protected, but often are anyway. The reason why involves a National Electrical Code citation at 210.52(B)(1), that says: “In the kitchen, pantry, breakfast room, or similar area of a dwelling, the two or more 20-ampere small-appliance branch circuits required by 210.11(C)(1) shall serve all receptacle outlets covered by 210.52(A) and (C) and receptacle outlets for refrigeration equipment.” Receptacles under 210.52(A) are general purpose, and 210.52(C) are kitchen countertop. 

    So a minimum of two 20-amp appliance circuits are required by NEC 210.11(C)(1) to serve the kitchen, dining room, breakfast room, and pantry receptacle outlets. Only the receptacles on those two circuits that serve the kitchen countertop are required to be GFCI protected. But wall receptacle outlets in the kitchen and other rooms can be on the same two GFCI circuits, instead of adding an additional circuit—and they usually are. So they end up having the GFCI protection of the kitchen counter receptacles, even though not required to be GFCI protected. 

    Also see our blog post Can you put a receptacle outlet in a pantry closet?

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 

Here’s links to a collection of our other blog posts about AFCI and GFCI RECEPTACLES AND CIRCUIT BREAKERS:

 Does a septic pump or sump pump require a GFCI-receptacle?

 • What is the difference between what trips a GFCI (ground fault) receptacle and a circuit breaker?

 Are Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) really necessary and worth the trouble? 

 What is the code requirement for GFCI protection for receptacles near a wet bar sink?

 When was GFCI-protection for kitchen dishwasher receptacle outlet first required? 

 When did arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) breakers first become required?

 Does a washing machine receptacle outlet require GFCI protection?

 My spa tub stopped working. What's wrong?  

 How do I identify a combination AFCI (CAFCI) circuit breaker? 

 What does "listed and labeled" mean for an electrical component? 

 What electrical hazards does a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) NOT protect against?  

 What is the difference between GFCI and AFCI circuit breakers? 

 Where are GFCI receptacle outlets required?

 When were GFCI receptacle outlets first required?

 What happens when you press the "TEST" button on a circuit breaker in an electric panel?

 What is the difference between the electric service to a mobile home and a site built home? 

 Why is there a wall switch next to the furnace or indoor unit of the air conditioner in the garage?

 What is a Dual Function Circuit Interrupter (DFCI)? 

 How I can tell if a receptacle outlet is tamper resistant?

 What is the difference between a Combination Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter (CAFCI) and an Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter (AFCI) circuit breaker?  

 What is the difference between "grounded" and "grounding" electrical conductors? 

 What does it mean when a wire is "overstripped" at a circuit breaker?

 Why is there a GFCI breaker in the electric panel for the bathroom shower light and exhaust fan?

 What is the switch on the wall with two pushbuttons? 

 How far apart should kitchen counter receptacles be spaced?  

 How far above a kitchen countertop do electrical outlets have to be? 

 How is it possible to provide both GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) and CAFCI (Combination Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter) protection for kitchen and laundry circuits?

 My bathroom electric receptacle/outlet is dead and there are no tripped breakers in the electric panel. What's wrong?  

 My GFCI reset button is hard to push and won't reset. What's wrong?

 Why do some breakers in my electric panel have a "TEST" button on them?

    Visit our AFCI AND GFCI page for other related blog posts on this subject, or go to the INDEX for a complete listing of all our articles.

Water Heaters

Water Heater Age


Septic Tank Systems

Structure and Rooms

Plumbing Pipes

Termites, Wood Rot

& Pests



When It First

Became Code

"Should I Buy A..."

Park Model Homes


Shingle Roofs




Wind Mitigation Form

Roof and Attic

"Does A Home


Pool and Spa

"What Is The Difference Between..."




Concrete and

Concrete Block

Metal Roofs


Modular Homes

Rain Gutters

Mold, Lead & Other Contaminants


Older and

Historic Houses

Crawl Spaces

Mobile/Manufactured Homes

Building Permits

Life Expectancy

Clay Soil





Exterior Walls & Structures


Common Problems

HUD-Code for

Mobile Homes

Garages and Carports

Flat (Low Slope) Roofs

Electrical Panels

Sprinkler Systems

Electrical Receptacle Outlets

4-Point Inspections

Hurricane Resistance

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Home Inspection

Heating and Air Conditioning

Building Codes

Fireplaces and Chimneys

Inspector Licensing

& Standards

Energy Efficiency

Washers and Dryers



Doors and Windows



Electrical Wiring

Click Below  

for Links

to Collections

of Blog Posts

by Subject

Plumbing Drains

and Traps


Smoke & CO Alarms

Aging in Place

Top 5 results given instantly.

Click on magnifying glass

for all search results.






Air Conditioner & Furnace Age/Size


Electrical Switches





Water Intrusion

Electrical - Old

and Obsolete


Foundation Certifications

Tiny Houses

How To Look At A House

McGarry and Madsen's home inspection blog for buyers of  

site-built, mobile/manfuactured and modular homes

About Us