How To Look At A House
McGarry and Madsen's home inspection blog for buyers of
site-built, mobile/manfuactured and modular homes
How many tons is my Bard air conditioner or heat pump?
Tuesday, April 9, 2019
You can determine the size in tons of your Bard HVAC system by examining the model number on the data sticker at the side of the condenser (outdoor unit). Look for the first or last two numbers of the model number. They will divisible by 6 or 12, and represent the nominal BTU of the system in thousands. A ton of air conditioning equals 12,000 BTU and, using model number 36WH7 for example, 36 divided by 12 equals 3, so the data plate below indicates the system is 3 tons.
Here’s a rundown of the range you will encounter: 18 = 1.5 tons, 24 = 2 tons, 30 - 2.5 tons, 36 = 3 tons, 42 = 3.5 tons, 48 = 4 tons, and 60 = 5 tons. Two more examples: 30EC02 is 2-1/2 tons, and PH1060 is 5 tons
If you are unsure whether you have found the right two numbers, you can double-check it by looking for the “RLA” rating on the data plate. RLA is an acronym for Rated Load Amperage, and is what the maximum amperage should be when the condenser up and running. If you divide the RLA by 6 for older units and 5 or 6 for newer units, you should get a number that approximates (not exactly) the tonnage of the system. Make sure you use RLA and not LRA, Locked Rotor Amperage, which is the surge of amps necessary to overcome inertia and start the system. It averages around five times the RLA.
To determine the date of manufacture of a Bard system, see our blog post How can I tell the age of a Bard air conditioner from the serial number? To find out the age of another brand of air conditioner or heat pump, go to How do I determine the age of my air conditioner?
To learn more about heating and air conditioning systems, see these other blog posts:
of Blog Posts
Top 5 results given instantly.
Click on magnifying glass
for all search results.
Buying a home in North/Central Florida? for a team inspection by two FL-licensed contractors and inspectors. Over 8,500 inspections completed in 20+ years. In a hurry? We will get it done for you.