When you replace a roof on a home that was built before the implementation of the statewide Florida Building Code on March 1, 2002, the nailing of the roof sheathing (decking) must be brought up to current standards for hurricane resistance as part of the installation of the new roof. The requirement became effective on October 1, 2007.
The roof sheathing (plywood or OSB) has to be be nailed with 8D (eight penny) ring-shank round head nails at six inches on center. If it was originally secured using staples or 6D nails, it must be completely re-nailed to the new standard. In wind zones of 110 mph or less (such as Alachua County), if the roof was secured with 8D nails (but not ring-shank) at a lesser spacing, additional ring-shank round head nails must be added where necessary to meet the six-inch spacing. Wind zones of 120 mph and up require complete re-nailing if the existing 8D nails are not ring-shank.
A home inspector doing a wind mitigation form for insurance verifies the 8d ring-shank nail by looking for a “shiner”—a nail that missed the top of the truss or rafter. There’s always one or two around the attic. An 8d nail is 2.5” long and protrudes though the roof sheathing a little less than 2”, as shown below.
Your contractor must fill out and sign an affidavit stating that the roof deck upgrade requirements have been met and submit it to the local building department as part of the requirements for a final roof inspection. They only apply for “roof replacement,” where the previous roof is completely removed down to the sheathing. If your roofing contractor is doing a “reroof,” which is where the new roof is applied over the existing roof, the upgrade of the sheathing is not required. But it’s just a one-time reprieve. When you need a new roof again, it all has to come off and the sheathing upgrade done, because you are only allowed to reroof over one layer of roofing.
Also see our blog post What are the different roof deck attachment discount categories for a wind mitigation inspection? and How can I find out the age of a roof?
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To learn more about roofs and attics, see these other blog posts:
• Why is my roof sheathing sagging between the trusses?
• Why is granule loss a problem for an asphalt shingle roof?
• What are the mistakes to avoid when doing attic improvements?
• What causes roof shingles to curl up at corners?
• What causes shingles to buckle along a line on the roof?
• What causes leaks at a fake roof dormer?
• What causes a sagging roof ridge line?
• What causes bubble-like blisters in a built-up and gravel roof?
• Why does it cost so much more to replace a steep roof than a low slope roof?
• What is "ponding" on a flat roof?
• Is an attic required to have a light by the building code?
• How can I inspect my roof for hurricane damage?
• Why is premature curl of roof shingles a problem?
• How can I tell if a roof has more than one layer of shingles?
• What are the common problems with attic insulation?
• What is the life expectancy of an asbestos cement shingle roof?
• What's the average lifespan of a roof?
• Why is it a mistake to replace a roof and not replace its flashings?
• Why is there no attic access hatch in the house?
• What is the building code requirement for an attic access hatch, scuttle, or door?
• Does a roof with multiple layers of shingles last longer?
• What can I do to prevent roof leaks?
• Are roof trusses better than roof rafters (stick framing)?
• Why is a popped nail in a shingle roof a problem? How do I fix it?
• What are the most common problems with wood roof trusses?
• What causes a lump or dip in the roof?
• If my roof is not leaking, why does it need to be replaced?
• How can I be sure my roofing contractor got a permit?
• How many layers of roofing are allowed on a home?
• What are the dark lines running parallel to shingles on my roof?
• Can metal roofing be used on a low slope/pitch roof?
• How can I make my roof last longer?
• What are the warning signs of a dangerous attic pull-down ladder?
• Should I buy a house that needs a new roof?
• Should I buy a house with an old roof?
• What are those metal boxes on the roof?
• What does "lack of tab adhesion" in an asphalt shingle roof mean?
• Why do roof edges start leaking?
• Why do my dormer windows leak?
• Do home inspectors go on the roof? Do they get in the attic?
• Should I put gutters on the house?
• How much of a roof truss can I cut out to make a storage platform in the attic?
• What's the difference between an "architectural" and a regular shingle roof?
• What does a home inspector look for when examining a roof?
• Do stains on the ceiling mean the roof is leaking?
• How can I tell if the house needs a new roof?
• Why does my homeowner's insurance want a roof inspection?
• What are the hazards to avoid when going into an attic?
Visit our ROOF AND ATTIC page for other related blog posts on this subject, or go to the INDEX for a complete listing of all our articles.