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Should a smoke alarm be installed in the kitchen?
Thursday, July 12, 2018
It’s not a good idea. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), which develops the codes that are followed nationally for fire prevention in building construction states that “the installation of smoke alarms in kitchens, unfinished attics, or garages is not normally recommended, as these location occasionally experience conditions that can result in improper operation.”
The recommended temperature range for areas where smoke alarms are installed is between 40º F (4º C) and 100º F (38º C), which could easily be exceeded in any of these areas, and makes them subject to nuisance alarms.
A smoke alarm in the living area that is directly connected (without doors) to the kitchen, however, is a good location. The International Residential Code (IRC) and the Residential edition of the Florida Building Code (FBC) require that smoke alarms be the following distances away from a “permanently installed cooking appliance”:
• 20 feet for ionization smoke alarms.
• 10 feet for ionization smoke alarms with silencing switch.
• 6 feet for photoelectric smoke alarms.
For more info, go to our blog post Is it illegal to disconnect a smoke alarm? and Where should smoke alarms NOT be installed? and Where are smoke alarms required to be located? Also, see Are carbon monoxide alarms required to be installed in homes in Florida?
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