What is an EPDM roof?

Tuesday, October 9, 2018

EPDM is an acronym for Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer. It is an elastic synthetic rubber, manufactured in large sheets, for installation on flat and low-slope roofs. EPDM is typically sold in rolls 10-feet wide and up to 100-feet long, that are laid out in overlapped rows with glued seams, forming one, unified single-ply waterproof membrane when completed. It’s available in both black and white.

   Although EPDM is most often used for commercial buildings, we occasionally see it on flat and nearly-flat residential roofs, as an alternative to modified bitumen and 4-ply built up roofing. The whole assembly is glued to the roof surface in most of the residential applications we see, but it may also be secured using plastic cap fasteners or ballast. The perimeter is secured with metal strips screwed in place. EPDM is also popular as a liner for garden ponds.

   Problems with an EPDM roof, when they occur, are usually related to poorly glued seams or foot traffic on the roof. Installers have to take extra care to make sure any debris is removed from the roof surface before the EPDM is laid down, to avoid punctures coming up through the material later on when the roof is walked on. Fortunately, any small punctures or tears that develop can be repaired with a small patch piece and glue, similar to repairing a hole in a tire inner-tube.

    We occasionally see EPDM used when a deck is built over a low-slope roof. It’s important  not bear the joists directly on the EPDM and to provide adequate drainage when a deck is added. A roof deck we inspected a few years ago overlooking the Gulf in Steinhatchee, Florida, ignored both of those basic principles, and ended up with stinky standing water that detracted from the spectacular gulf view at the railing. The holes drilled in the fascia board (shown in the second photo) appeared to be an after-the-fact fix that didn’t help at all. 

   One little-known advantage of EPDM: it does not leach any contaminants into the rainwater that flows over it and off the roof, unlike asphalt/bituminous roofing, and can be specified for “green” homes with rainwater catchment systems. The bright white color also qualifies EPDM as a “cool roof.” Go to our blog post What is a "cool roof”? to learn more about its advantages.

    EPDM is advertised as having up to a 40-year life, but our experience has been that the material lasts 20 to 30 years in the Gainesville area. For more information about EPDM roofs we suggest visiting the EPDM Roofing Association website at www.epdmroofs.org

    A similar and competing roof material that is becoming more popular in the last decade is TPO, which is an acronym for Thermoplastic PolyOlefin. See our blog post What is a TPO roof? 

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  To learn more about roofs and attics, see these other blog posts:

Why is my roof sheathing sagging between the trusses?

Why is granule loss a problem for an asphalt shingle roof? 

What are the mistakes to avoid when doing attic improvements?

What causes roof shingles to curl up at corners?  

What causes shingles to buckle along a line on the roof? 

• Why is my roof leaking?

What causes leaks at a fake roof dormer? 

What causes a sagging roof ridge line?

What causes bubble-like blisters in a built-up and gravel roof?  

Why does it cost so much more to replace a steep roof than a low slope roof? 

What is "ponding" on a flat roof?

Is an attic required to have a light by the building code? 

How can I inspect my roof for hurricane damage?

Why is premature curl of roof shingles a problem?

How can I tell if a roof has more than one layer of shingles? 

What are the common problems with attic insulation? 

What is the life expectancy of an asbestos cement shingle roof? 

What's the average lifespan of a roof?

Why is it a mistake to replace a roof and not replace its flashings? 

Why is there no attic access hatch in the house?

What is the building code requirement for an attic access hatch, scuttle, or door? 

Does a roof with multiple layers of shingles last longer?

What can I do to prevent roof leaks?

Are roof trusses better than roof rafters (stick framing)? 

Why is a popped nail in a shingle roof a problem? How do I fix it?

What are the most common problems with wood roof trusses?

What causes a lump or dip in the roof? 

If my roof is not leaking, why does it need to be replaced?

How can I be sure my roofing contractor got a permit?

How many layers of roofing are allowed on a home? 

What are the dark lines running parallel to shingles on my roof?

Can metal roofing be used on a low slope/pitch roof? 

How can I make my roof last longer?  

What are the warning signs of a dangerous attic pull-down ladder?

How can I find out the age of a roof? 

Should I buy a house that needs a new roof?

Should I buy a house with an old roof? 

What are those metal boxes on the roof?

What does "lack of tab adhesion" in an asphalt shingle roof mean?

Why do roof edges start leaking?

Why do my dormer windows leak? 

Do home inspectors go on the roof? Do they get in the attic?

Should I put gutters on the house? 

How much of a roof truss can I cut out to make a storage platform in the attic? 

What's the difference between an "architectural" and a regular shingle roof? 

What does a home inspector look for when examining a roof? 

Do stains on the ceiling mean the roof is leaking?

How can I tell if the house needs a new roof?  

 Why does my homeowner's insurance want a roof inspection?

What are the hazards to avoid when going into an attic? 

     Visit our ROOF AND ATTIC page for other related blog posts on this subject, or go to the INDEX for a complete listing of all our articles.


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